When the New Orleans
completed her journey from Pittsburgh to New Orleans, it marked a
turning point in the Transportation Revolution. After the New Orleans showed that it could
be done, steamboats proliferated on the Ohio and the Mississippi and
their tributaries. Steamboat traffic helped create a national
economy, opening markets for farm goods and drawing people and
commerce to cities along the rivers.
Mar. 8, 1811, Pittsburgh Gazette - advertisement for The Navigator, an indispensible guide to river travel that the Roosevelts surely purchased before beginning their trip
Oct. 18, 1811, Pittsburgh Gazette - the New Orleans makes a trial run and "fully answers the most sanguine expectations"
Oct. 23, 1811, Liberty Hall - "Mr. Roosevelt, it is stated, is building a Steam Boat, to run on the Ohio and Mississippi"
Oct. 25, 1811, Pittsburgh Gazette - "The Steam Boat sailed from this place on Sunday last."
Oct. 26, 1811, Western Spy - optimism about the New Orleans, based on her Oct. 15 test voyage
Oct. 26, 1811, Western Spy - a (belated) report on Nicholas Roosevelt's work on a steamboat
Oct. 28, 1811 - The New Orleans Steaming Upstream by Moonlight, 1811 (painting by Gary R. Lucy) captures the moment the Roosevelts arrived in Louisville
Nov. 16, 1811, Western Spy - report on the New Orleans' design and Oct. 20 departure from Pittsburgh
Nov. 2, 1811, Western Spy - the New Orleans passes Cincinnati on Oct. 27
Nov. 21, 1811, Liberty Hall - "Mr. Roosevelt's steam-boat" arrives in Louisville on Oct. 28
Nov. 23, 1811, Western Spy - another report of "Mr. Roosevelt's steam-boat" arriving in Louisville
Jan. 29, 1812, Liberty Hall - shares offered in a new steamboat company, with Nicholas Roosevelt as agent for the company
Jan. 31, 1812, Pittsburgh Gazette - detailed "letter from a gentleman" who experienced the Dec. 16 earthquake from the river, as the Roosevelts did
Feb. 8, 1812, Western Spy - the New Orleans arrives in Natchez on Dec. 30
Feb. 12, 1812, Liberty Hall - the New Orleans arrives in Natchez on Dec. 30; Nicholas Roosevelt ("a gentleman. . . passenger") shares news of the earthquake
Feb. 14, 1812, Pittsburgh Gazette - the New Orleans arrives in New Orleans on Jan. 10, steaming an average of eight miles an hour for the whole trip
Mar. 6, 1812, Pittsburgh Gazette - the New Orleans makes a trial run of the New Orleans-Natchez trip on Jan. 23; a "gentleman passenger of correct information" gives details
Mar. 13, 1812, Pittsburgh Gazette - detailed discussion of the route the Roosevelts followed after the earthquake and the Mississippi's "wonderful changes for the worse"
June 15, 1812 - Robert Fulton letter estimating expenses and revenue for the New Orleans - including groceries purchased and freight and passengers carried
Dec. 1, 1814 - the patent for Nicholas Roosevelt's steamboat design1817, John Bradbury remembers boarding the New Orleans in Natchez on Jan. 6, 1812