Letters Received, 1864-1868
The originals of the following letters are available at the Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.).
They were transcribed in Fall 2006 by the students of His234 "Studies in American Cultural History: The Middle Class" and in Fall 2012 by the students of GW143 "Autobiography: History," both taught by Sarah McNair Vosmeier.
We have found little information on Julia Eddy.
Of her correspondents, we have found William W. Hester, who appears in the 1870 census as a thirty-five year old living near the Indiana Hospital for the Insane, along with other hospital employees. Thirty-year-old Samuel O. Orner, another of Julia Eddy's correspondents, is listed in the 1870 census as a carpenter at the Indiana Hospital for the Insane. 
- - Sarah McNair Vosmeier
James T. Copeland Letters, 1864-1865
James T. Copeland, letter to Julia Eddy, 12 Jan. 1864, folder 19, box 1, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.). 
Indianapolis, Jan. 12th / 64
Trusting you will excuse me for assuming the privelege of dropping you a brief epistle, I seat myself feeling assured that you will have no objection to my addressing you. If it is convenient, and agreeable to you I should be pleased to continue correspondence with you in future. As our acquaintance has been somewhat limited, I trust that you will have no objections to it. I am confident that it will prove agreeable to me and I trust that it may prove so to yourself.
I trust that you will excuse me for not attending the Ball on last New Years evening as I could in no way help it. You must blame the cold-weather and irregularity of the cars. The weather was so extremely cold that it prevented the "Nine o-clock train" from going out that evening. I am sorry that I asked Mr Kimball to engage your company for me, but as the old saying is "There is no use in crying over spilled milk"
I hope you suffered no inconvenience from my failing to fulfill my engagement and I also hope that you experienced no small amount of pleasure at the Ball. I must admit that I felt somewhat displeased when I found that my anticipations for pleasure were all blighted. I trust that you will reply to this at your earliest convenience (that is, if you find it convenient) Please give my respects to Miss Caneaster Miss Alexander and the rest of my new acquaintances in your "Region of Country" It is my intention to visit Franklin again at my earliest opportunity and I hope that I may experience as much pleasure as I did during my last short visit there.
I must beg of you to excuse all mistakes as it is almost a matter of impossibility for one to write when he is surrounded by ten or fifteen persons each one endeavoring to make the most noise. You will please answer soon if convenient and oblige.
You most humble friend
Sergeant James J Copeland
Co. A 9th Ind Cav.
James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 19 January 1864, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.). 
Indianapolis Jan 19th/64
I received your thrice welcome letter of the 13th this morning and was overjoyed to hear from you. Before continuing my letter further I must beg you to excuse me for answering it so soon, but I was very anxious to ascertain on what night they intend having the Ball as it is my intention (or at least my desire) to be present on the occasion. You may rest assured that it pleased me to no small extent to learn that you would condescend to continue correspondence with your humble friend.
The subject of our correspondence I shall leave you to determine upon. It was my intention to correspond on friendly terms or any other object which shall present itself most respectfully and appropriately to both of us.
You were speaking of the effect that the cold weather produced amongst the soldiers here. Indeed it was very cold and a great many of them suffered severely from frozen
fingers, ears and noses, but as for myself I remained at home during the most of the cold weather and consequently did not suffer as much as the majority of the boys did.
While attending the theater the other evening I espied Miss Alexander amongst the audience, but I was not fortunate enough to obtain an opportunity of speaking to her.
I trust that you will be punctual in your correspondence, as it is a great pleasure to drive away the monotonous routine of camp life by receiving letters from absent friends.
During the fine sleighing weather it has been my misfortune to have but two sleigh-riders.
Mr. Osborne accepts your compliments and sends his in return. Please give my compliments to Miss Keneaster asking the privilege of opening correspondence with her, if no objections prevail.
Trusting to soon receive a respond to this I will close by asking you the privilege of addressing you in a more friendly manner than that of "Miss Eddy" If it is not asking too much. I should like to address you as "Friend Julia." I do dislike to use so much formality as exists in the former phrase.
Asking you to excuse my mistakes and poor penmanship I close my inscribing myself as
Most Truly Your
Sergt. James T. Copeland
J. T. Copeland, letter to Julia Eddy, 8 March, 1865, folder 19, box 1, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.) 
Wednesday Eve. March 8th. 65.
Please accept the compliments of "your humble friend" soliciting the pleasure of your company on this (Wednesday) Eve. at half past six - - to and from church.- Should it not conflict with any wishes or previous arrangements upon your part. Please reply!
Your humble friend.
James T. Copeland, letter to Julia Eddy, 9 Mar. 1865, folder 19, box 1, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.). 
Thursday Morn. March 9th, '65
Enclosed within this you will find what you requested of me. I should like to have had the pleasure of making an "even trade" with you, but will try and content myself with taking your promise for payment. If I remember rightly, you promised me a "fac simile" of yourself, and I shall not forget it until I receive the long looked for and desired "picture."
You must excuse me friend Julia for being so tiresome in my attentions, but it is the promptings of my heart, that have caused all this - - perhaps - unlooked for attention from me. Our limited acquaintance is all that I know of that should prevent our intimacy - unless you have better reasons for not extending our theis far happy acquaintance. -
One remark which you made upon last evening, I shall not soon forget, and I trust that you will not alter your opinion, until "this cruel war is over" - as I feel somewhat interested in that matter myself." As to what the remark was, I shall leave your own recollections and thoughts to prompt you. Perhaps if you were in earnest about it - you still remember or at least can form some supposition as to what I have reference to. That remark shall be remembered by "your humble friend" until he shall be permitted to return to his home crowned with laurels of victory over the leaders of this unholy rebellion.
I have no doubt but that I shall soon feel quite lonesome after my return to "the Sunny South," but I shall endeavor to let the recollections of time spent while in the City dispel all my lonely thoughts. I trust that you will neither think me bold nor forward in sending you this poorly written and uninteresting missive, but it is just such an one as you would have received from my pen ere this had our limited acquaintance tolerated it. I do sincerely hope that you will not misconstrue anything composing this uninteresting epistle, as I am sincere in what I say and mean just what I have hinted at.
"You have no notion of enlisting in matrimony," you say until the war is over. I have an request to make as I intend that I shall remain single just that long myself. My desire is that I shall enjoy the pleasure of dancing at your wedding and I promise you that you shall have the pleasure of dancing at mine. Please excuse my bold and uninteresting style of writing and please do not take offense at the contents of this. I have written just what I desired to communicate upon last evening, but my timidity would not permit my doing so. I shall write to you immediately upon my arrival at my destination, and I desire that you will please answer. I will again request that you carefully peruse this, that you may thoroughly understand my meaning, and please take no offense. No more at present. Good bye - I trust not forever.
Your sincere friend, JTC
P.S. Julia, I am quite sorry that I had not sufficient time to do as I promised, but will send it to you in my next. I desire to send this letter any way and shall do it without the picture.
James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 29 April 1864, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.). 
Indianapolis, Apr. 29th/64
I received your thrice welcome and interesting communication of the 18th inst and was exceedingly pleased to hear from you. I must beg of you (before continuing my letter farther) to excuse me for not replying at an earlier period, as I promised to write as often as once in every two weeks.
You say that you "have often thought when you sit down to write if you could only write such interesting letters as those that you receive from myself you would not care." Well that is precisely my opinion on that subject only reversing it, that is to say that if my letters were as interesting to myself as those I receive from you "I would not care."
Rumors are being circulated through the camp, to the effect of our departing for the Battle-field at an early day, but in my opinion, I have no idea of our leaving for at least a month more, perhaps not for two months. " I have heard such stories entirely too often" to place much confidence in them. Whilst I was in the army previous to this, such rumors were frequently circulated throughout the camp, but as the old saying is, "It is hard to entrap the rat the second time". [sic] As I have been caught once I shall not bite at the bait the second time, or in other words I shall beleive [sic] no such rumors until we receive "marching orders." And the remainder of the boys will not be quite so easily deceived by the expiration of two years service in "the front."
I received quite an interesting letter from Miss Keneaster a few days ago, in which you sent your compliments, the receipt of which I must acknowledge. I shall acknowledge again that I was the first to break the engagement concerning the regularity of our correspondence, and will promise to try to be more punctual in the future. As it is getting near drill hour, and I have another letter to write before that time, asking you to excuse mistakes and poor penmanship (as my letter was rather hastily written) I will close by requesting a speedy reply and inscribing myself as
Your most humble and sincere
Friend and Well-wisher,
James T Copeland.
James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 5 July 1864, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.). 
Camp 9th Ind. Vol. Cav.
Pulaski July 5th 64
Respected and absent friend
My daily duties having been performed, I thought that I could in no way employ myself to better advantage than by appropriating my time and attention in communicating to you a brief epistle, which leaves your humble friend in the enjoyment of excellent health and spirits, trusting that it may find you the recipient of the same. I received your thrice welcome and most interesting token of esteem of June 29th on yesterday, and you may rest assured that it pleased me to no small extent, to hear from my absent and highly esteemed friend, it being the first which I had received from you since my departure from my "Old, dear home" to fight for the restoration of our "once happy and contended, but now divided and distracted country." Pardon me for uttering the foregoing patriotic sentiment, but when once pent up it is hard to refrain from giving vent for their utterance.
Yesterday, was one of quite excitement to the soldiers and citizens of our quiet little place.
We had quite a magnificent military display, marching through the principal streets of the town forming quiet a lengthy column of Calvary Infantry and Artillery, after which we repaired to a nice large grove about a mile from town where we halted, stacked arms, and made the necessary preparations for the enjoyment which we were previously anticipating, but alas how much our anticipations and expectations were blighted, when we found that our enjoyment was to consist of dry musty speeches, (some if which perhaps were old twenty years ago.) together with nothing to eat, and above all, the absence of those whose presence is most essential for pleasure and enjoyment on such occasions, namely the absence of the young ladies.
After remaining there for some four or five hours we took up our line of march for town again, after which we marched a mile or two out of town in another direction from that which we previously has taken, for the purpose of practicing in shooting at a target, which occupied the remainder of the day. This concluding the day's celebration we repaired to camp, wearied fatigued and quite hungry. Thus did we celebrate the "ever memorable fourth of July" here. How did you spend it? I trust that you experienced quite a different and more pleasant time than we did, if not, you have nothing to boast of concerning "the fourth of July" in 1864.
I had almost come to the conclusion that you had abandoned the idea of continuing correspondence with your humble friend. From the delay and tardiness you exhibited in replying to my last, but upon opening it the first words that you greeted my anxious eyes were Remembered Friend, which allayed all my fears and doubts concerning the forgetfulness of yourself towards one so unworthy of your correspondence as I deem myself.
Julia; I trust that you will pardon me for this seeming act of impoliteness in censuring you for being tardy in replying to communications, as uninteresting as mine must be, and coming from one as unworthy as your humble friend.
I trust that you will find it convenient to reply to this at your earliest possible opportunity.
I told Mr. Kimball of the party to which you referred. He said that he would be pleased to be present on the occasion. He sends his compliments in return for yours. Time and space forbid my continuing my uninteresting epistle farther. My compliments to Miss Keneaster, soliciting a speedy response to my last.
Soliciting a speedy reply once more, I will close by returning to miserable myself as
Your Most Sincere friend and Well Wisher
James T. Copeland
James T. Copeland
Co. A. 9th Cav. 121st Reg Ind Vols.
James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 9 June 1865, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters 1861-1994, Hanover College Archives, Agnes Brown Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.). 
June 9th 1865
Your interesting little missive of April 18th is the latest that I have had
the pleasure of receiving from you. It was answered soon after the receipt thereof:
I sent you another containing a photograph of my "ugly self" on the
14th of April, neither of which I have received an answer to: like a second
arrow, to find out the first, but I know not what has become of either, I send
this to find out the other two, and if this fail there shall go no more out
of my quiver.
If you forget me I shall have cause to complain, and more if you remember me; to forget, may proceed from the frailty of memory; not to answer me, when you do remember me is pure neglect. I am quite confident that you could have found nothing in the last which accompanied my "Photo" at which you could pretend to justify yourself in taking offence thereat; as for the communications forwarded previous to that, I have nothing to say concerning. You doubtless have them near at hand, where you can obtain a close perusal; weigh what they contain; (if indeed your judgement will permit you to entertain the thought that there is any weight in their contents.)
What I have said, I still cannot retrace (unless by your special request.)
You have judgement enough, both of your own good qualities, and the characters
of those with whom you converse, to make a proper estimate of my sincerity on
those occasions. I should have hazarded the discovery of those sentiments of
esteem and affection, much sooner than I did. (Even during my call at your Residence-last
March). but [sic] was restrained by a dread of meeting censure for my presumption,
in aspiring to one in whom beauty and wit have conspired to raise so high above
my then unreasonable but now blighted expectations. Quite confident am I that
you have turned to me "the cold shoulder." How lamentable the thought
that while I am writing this, some fortunate lover may be making his addresses
to my "Dearest Friend," and even obtaining an interest in his heart,
But what am I saying? _ I know the generosity of your nature; and once thought
that I dared not doubt nor suspect your sincerity: but quite different now.
You requested of my "Photo." - I sent it to you: and since that time
(nearby a month) you have refused to even communicate through the medium of
the "treacherous pen."
But I feel that I am wasting time in communicating with you thus. I shall consider
myself as a deserted correspondent, (if nothing more) Whilst waiting a reply
to this poorly written and uninteresting epistle: which I trust that you will
favor me with at an early day.
So I rest.
Yours easily to be recovered
James T. Copeland
(Drawer No. 7041)
James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 13 June 1865, Adkinson Family Civil War
Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.). 
June 13th / 65
I had almost abandoned all hope of again receiving another of your welcome "little visitors" but on visiting the Post office this A.M. I found myself quite agreeable mistaken: and was made the happy recipient of the long-expected and highly-valued prize. written by your own pen, and bearing date of the 11th inst [sic]. I was completely over-joyed at the receipt thereof.
I had almost thought our "cruel" for keeping your "sincere friend" In suspense so long: but when I read the reasons you offered in excuse for not responding sovurr [sic] - I was quite well pleased.
I approve of your meditation upon "the Question" referred to: although it seemed to me an age whilt [sic] awaiting your answer. Julia you cannot imagine the load you have lifted. from [sic] my anxious heart, by answering that one little "question" in the affirmative You say that you "know not whether I am trifling with you or not." How cruel of you- to think that I would be guilty of trifling with the affections a defenceless [sic] lady: especially one that has occupied as high a position my regard and esteem, as yourself. Do you doubt my sincerity? _ I sincerely hope not, at all events I shall let the future together with the past and present exhibit to you the sincerity of my affections, towards yourself.
I have made attempts at communicating to you, the sincere regard,- yes love- that I have entertained for you. since [sic] our last meeting, but my feeble attempts fell short of the desired aim and my heart failed me when meditating upon a verbal relation of what is contained in this poorly written mission. I know not in what light it may be considered, only if I can form any motion of my own heart from the impression made on it by your many amiable accomplishments, my happiness in this world will, in a great measure depend upon the final termination of our (to me) pleasant and agreeable correspondence. I am not precipitate, nor would I desire your hand if your heart did not accompany it.
I would not only consider myself as extremely happy, but would also make it the principal study of my future life, to spend my remaining days in the company of her whom I do prefer to all others in the world.
As I expect to soon be out of 
Will Hester, 1868 Letters
Will Hester, to Julia Eddy, 5 May 1868, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.) 
My dear friend
Yours came this night,
Ill try to get it in P.O. in time for you to get it before Thursday. I am so glad you are coming -- if possible I will meet you at cars on Thursday Morning, but should you not see me, you must Know I could not get there, if I should fail to meet you at the cars, please to drop me a note through: P.O. Box 352 City -- and state where you will be stoping [sic] overnight, give No. Street &c and I will call and see you and then I shall be so glad to meet you, that I will be compelled to test that ["pizen"?] Matter-shall I -- don't say no, for I must this much then for a joke. I shall be impatient, fearing something may hapen [sic] that I cannot meet you at the cars, but Iwill [sic] try best luck to see you at all events -- I wish that you could have come up on saturday A.M. and we could have gone to the Matinee in the afternoon, which time for play, is as good I think as at night plays -- would you come up some saturday forenoon and attend the Matinee if I were to send you word, but that you could not come alone -- I guess that I must come down soon myself and have a Matinee of our own -- would that suit you as well? Oh I am so glad you are coming Good bye until we two meet --
Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 12 May 1868, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Ind.) 
12" May 1868
Dear friend Julia
Yes, I will be as good as my promise to write you first -- and here is to say that after much trial and tribulation to say nothing of the darkness of the night, I got home safely -- After I had gotten about one square from where you were stoping my horse stopped very suddenly and my first impression was that it was an evil omen, and blood thunder & Murder conned in strange images through my mind and I was rejoiced to find that it was only one of harness traces had come loosened and my dear good horse ever true to her masters welfare, saw or felt that something was wrong and promptly obeyed her natural instincts to halt that I might remedy the trouble -- all fixed & I was soon off and in 15 minutes I was nicely at home, quiet in my own little "state" home, thinking of the pleasant short hour I had been with you -- I know if you enjoyed the time as I did, the pleasure was indeed mutual -- You must pardon me for that ["pizen"?] experiment I could not indeed resist when it was permitted and you must not think I meant any harm in it or to come of it by the act, I only hope that you experienced as much pleasure in it as I did and if it was not your pleasure, be assured I will never do it again, I wont do wrong if I can help it, do you think I would? But this sheet is full & I must quit hoping to hear from you soon --
Julia don't let anyone see my letters, will you --
Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 29 May 1868, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters,
1:19, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Indiana). 
Indianapolis, 29 May 1868.
Dear friend Julia
Your kind missive came to me to day, it reminds me of my neglect in not answering your last letter, but let me here give you thanks for your goodness in letting me know of the supper and Odd Fellow doings. I am sorry to say that it will be impossible for me to come down from this fact. The Superintendent of this Institution is gone East and I am left in charge and cannot leave. If he was at home nothing would keep me from coming down, I don't think. You are the best friend I have in all the country - so kind to write me - I will indeed remember your goodness. And when I come to F, you must be surely on the lookout for I will be knocking at your door and will expect to meet you smiling & welcome for me -
When the affair is over you must sit down and write me a long letter
and tell me of your conquests for I know you will look so nice and talk
so sweet that you will win if not break a halfdozen hearts - I mean young mens
[sic] hearts -
I write this in haste
Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 11 June 1868, Adkinson Family Civil War Letters,
1:19, Duggan Library, Hanover College (Hanover, Indiana). 
Indianapolis, 11 June 1868
My kind friend
Your good letter came to day, you are the best little friend I have - I say this for you - as you would be too modest to tell me so - I say so for this reason you are so kind to invite me down to participate in your festivities - as usual I am unable to say positively that I can come - I have been alone for some days - the two other physicians having gone - one East and one to Ft Wayne attending Sunday School Convocation and should they both get back in time I can come down & should they fail to come in time, then you see this child will come up missing when you look for him, but do not be disappointed if I come or do not come. But if I do come I shall expect something - one of those - well you know what I mean. If I do not come you must write me a long long letter and tell me what good times you had - who you saw that you loved better than anybody else & how sweet the[y] talked to you - or you to them - You may tell me I wont [sic] get jealous not the least bit -
Why don't you send me what you promised. I will pull your nose when
I come down for not living up to your promise - that is if you will let me -
Oh I do wish I could get away from here I am dead to have some fun
1. For census data, see Heritage Quest Online, http://www.heritagequestonline.com/ (accessed 3 Nov. 2006).
2. This letter (James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 12 Jan. 1864) was transcribed by Haley Sanders, HC 2016.
3. This letter (James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 19 Jan. 1864) was transcribed by Gunnar Crowell, HC 2007.
4. The Battle of Chancellorsville took place shortly after Copeland wrote this letter, and although Copeland has a cheery disposition in the letter, his attitude probably shifted to a more serious note as the battle took place. This battle was one of the most important of the war and became a great triumph for Robert E. Lee and Thomas J “Stonewall” Jackson. Another landmark of the war was the Charleston riot, which happened a month after the letter was written. During the riot, Democrats were the main target for the abuse as they set out to try to cast their votes for president. Source: David J. Cole, David S. Heidler, and Jeanne T. Heidler, Encyclopedia of The American Civil War (W W Norton, 2002) I: 405-06. Transcription and annotation for this letter (James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 8 Mar. 1864) by Sierra Rogers, HC 2016.
5. This letter (James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 9 Mar. 1864) was transcribed by Austen Pitman, HC 2016.
6.The Adkinson Family Civil War Letters include letters from brothers serving in the Civil War to their family. Though the letters of Copeland and Eddy are included in the Adkinson collection, no relationship between these individuals and the Adkinson family has been found. Copeland mentions "two years service" -- during the Civil War, the Union army had difficulty keeping men for long periods. Eventually, the federal government urged states to require longer periods of duty. Many states complied with the request and enlisted troops for two years of service rather than six months. Sources: Clinton D. Chistensen, "Finding Aid to the Adkinson Family Civil War Letters, 1861-1994 [bulk 1861-1868]. (Hanover: Hanover College Archives, 2000), 2; Patricia L. Faust, Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1986), 245.] Transcription and annotation by Sarah Hankley, HC 2007.
7. This letter (James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 5 July 1864) was transcribed by Amy Dunham, HC 2009.
8. The Adkinson Family Civil War Letters collection contains letters from three brothers: Samuel, Joseph, and Irvin. Joseph was wounded and his chaplain wrote letters home informing the family about the wounds that would eventually lead to his death. It is not clear how James Copeland, the writer of this letter, and the Adkinson family connect. This collection was donated by Emma Hill, who was a Spanish professor at Hanover College. Annotation and transcription by Dustin Stewart, HC 2007.
9. This letter (James T. Copeland to Julia Eddy, 13 June 1865) was transcribed by Dustin Stewart, HC 2007.
10.The remainder of the letter is no longer extant.
11. This letter (Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 5 May 1868) was transcribed by Corey Lewis, HC 2008.
12.This letter (Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 12 May 1868) was transcribed by Corey Lewis, HC 2008.
13.This letter (Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 29 May 1868) and the following (Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 11 June 1868) were written on stationary from the Indiana Hospital for the Insane, which opened in 1848 and served the mentally ill of central Indiana. Will Hester, according to his letters, was not a patient here, but seems to be a physician. In one of his letters, he mentions the Odd Fellows, a fraternal order. The Independent Order of Odd Fellows is "one of largest and oldest fraternal orders in the United States" and is still active today. Source: RootsWeb, Central State Hospital, Indiana, http://www.rootsweb.com/~asylums/central_in/index.html (accessed 29 Oct. 2006); Independent Order of Odd Fellows, The Sovereign Grand Lodge, http://www.ioof.org/odd_fellows.htm (accessed 29 Oct. 2006). Transcription and annotation by Maggie Harrigan, HC 2008.
14.This letter (Will Hester to Julia Eddy, 11 June 1868) was transcribed by Maggie Harrigan, HC 2008.