The Hanover Historical Review

Volume 16, 2021

Entire Text

J. Michael Raley and Anthony Miller, "Foreword"

Freshman History Essays
Josh Jones, "Spartan Military Dominance: Helot Suppression and the Integration of Children into a Militaristic Society"

Rachel Pinnick, "Popular Sovereignty and Political Unrest: The Instability of Power and Leadership during the French Revolution 1789–1799"

Student Essays
James Moll, "The Pilgrimage of Grace: A Crusade for the One True Faith of England"

Katarina Rexing, “'Hail Mary, Full of Grace': The Mother of the Messiah’s Role in the Tudor Reformation"

Mary Isola, "Elizabeth I’s Power and Influence Perpetuated by her Speech"

Bradley Hancock, "From Reviled to Revered: The U.S. Constitution"

Maddy Shelton, "Tzedakah: The Indianapolis Jewish Community and Civil Rights Movement"

Senior History Thesis (Abridged)
Terry Hart, "The Early History of the Civil Rights Movement (1900–1950)"

A Record of the COVID-19 Pandemic of 2020–21

"A Day in the Life of Hanover College Students, Faculty, and Staff During the COVID-19 Pandemic of 2020–21"


The HHR Editorial Board welcomes submissions of essays, document transcriptions and translations, and book reviews of a historical nature from any discipline.

Manuscripts must be prepared in conformity with The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, in 12-point Times Roman font, double-spaced (including footnotes) and with pages numbered.

Submissions should be submitted by email attachment as a Microsoft Word document to Professor Michael Raley ( or Professor Anthony Miller ( Because all submitted manuscripts will be evaluated anonymously, the author’s name should appear only on the title page. There should be no identifying markers (including headers and hidden texts) within the body of the paper.

Articles should not exceed 3,000 words without the prior approval of the HHR editors. Please note that submissions accepted for publication may be edited to conform to the HHR’s style. The HHR editors remain the final arbiters of length, grammar, and usage. However, they will endeavor to consult with authors with regard to any changes made in the interest of clarity and economy of expression.

The HHR disclaims responsibility for any statements, either as fact or opinion, made by contributors.


Senior Editor
Emma Kate McMurtry

Junior Editors
Addie Harris, Jordan Kennedy, and Katarina Rexing

Jordan Kennedy

Editorial Board
Bradley Hancock
Addie Harris
Jordan Kennedy
Eliza Malott
Emma Kate McMurtry
James Moll
Katarina Rexing
Lauren Rippy
Maddy Shelton
Mary Isola

Faculty Advisors and Managing Editors
J. Michael Raley, Professor of History
Anthony Miller, Assistant Professor of History

Financial Support
Department of History and Hanover College

Carol Persinger, Mailroom Services

The HANOVER HISTORICAL REVIEW is dedicated to the promotion of excellence in undergraduate scholarship and writing.

Hanover College History Department
Hanover College Visitor's Page