Two of the following questions will appear on the exam. You will be asked to write on one of the two.
1. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, advocates of the same ideologies and causes often adopted different arguments, objectives, and strategies. Explain the differences among liberals (using Green and Spencer), among socialist (using Marx and Bernstein), among feminists (using Hearings), and among African American reformers (using Washington and DuBois).
2. What were the origins and consequences of WWI? What were the origins and consequences of WWII? Compare the origins and consequences of the two world wars.
3. What were the origins of the Russian Revolution? How did Lenin redefine Marxim? How did Lenin and Stalin transform Russia?
4. President Roosevelt's Inaugural Address, the SDS's Port Huron Statement, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from a Birmingham Jail, NOW's Statement of Purpose, and President Reagan's Inaugural Address depict a nation in crisis and propose new ways of thinking and acting in order to overcome the crisis. Compare these five documents, placing each one in its historical context and locating each one on the spectrum of twentieth century political ideologies. What general conclusions can be drawn from these documents about the shift in American politics and culture from the 1930's, through the 1960s, to the 1980's?