History 344:
The High Middle Ages
Winter Semester 2000

Frank Luttmer
108 Classic Hall
M W F: 10-12
866-7205 (office) 866-4073 (home)
historians@hanover.edu


Course Description and Objectives

This course is a discussion-oriented seminar on the history of Western Europe from roughly the eleventh- through the thirteenth-centuries, with particular emphasis given to political, religious, and cultural history. Readings include a detailed narrative survey, an interpretive history of ideas, essays on the Crusades, and a wide variety of primary sources. In addition to increasing your understanding of the High Middle Ages, the course is designed to deepen your appreciation of the study of history, strengthen your capacity to think critically and analytically, and improve your research and writing skills. You will be expected to analyze primary documents carefully and thoughtfully, develop and defend your own interpretations, and write a substantive research paper.


Readings

1. Malcolm Barber, The Two Cities: Medieval Europe, 1050-1320
2. Marcia Colish, Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition
3. Jonathan Riley-Smith, ed., The Crusades
4. Internet Texts (links to which appear on the schedule below)


Grades

Final grades will be based on an evaluation of the following.

1. Two mid-term exams (15% each) and a final exam (20%)

2. A Research paper submitted in two drafts (15% for the first draft and 25% for the second)

3. Class participation and daily writing assignments (10%)


Schedule


Foundations of Christianity in the West

Jan. 12
Latin Church Fathers
Colish, x-xii, 3-24; Tertullian; Ambrose

Jan. 14
Augustine and Gregory
Colish, 25-41; Augustine

Jan. 17
Monks, Celts, and Germans
Colish, 42-75; Rule of Benedict; Rule of Columba


The Byzantine Empire, Islam, Judaism, and Latin Christendom

Jan. 19
Byzantine Culture
Colish, 113-128; Dionysius; Council; John of Damascus

Jan. 21
Islam
Colish, 129-148; Quran; Hadith; al-Ghazali

Jan. 24
Judaism
Colish, 148-159; Halevi

Jan. 26
The West: 10-12th Centuries
Colish, 160-182; Anselm and Guanilo


The Three Estates

Jan. 28
The First and Second Estate
Barber, 1-42; Homage; Agreement

Jan. 31
The Third Estate and the Economy
Barber, 43-82; Guibert; Charter; Wharram Percy


Monasticism

Feb. 2
Cistercians and 12th Century Monasteries
Barber, 141-155; Colish, 225-233; Bernard; Jocelin

Feb. 4
Guibert, Abbot of Nogent
Guibert

Feb. 7
Abelard and Heloise
Abelard; Heloise

Feb. 9
The Friars
Barber, 155-167; Colish, 234-244; Thomas of Celano

Feb. 11
FIRST EXAM


The Papacy, Popular Religion, and Heresy

Feb. 14
The Reformed Papacy
Barber, 85-118; Investiture Controversy

Feb. 16
Popular Religion
Barber, 168-177; Sermon Stories

Feb. 18
Heresy
Barber, 177-192; Colish, 245-252; Inquisition Records


The Earthly City

Feb. 21
The Empire
Barber, 194-224; The Besanšon Episode

Feb. 23
Sicily
Barber, 225-250; Lictere Generales

Feb. 25
Italian City-States
Barber, 251-270; Villani

Mar. 6
France
Barber, 271-304; Joinville; Louis IX

Mar.8
England
Barber, 305-340; Grim; Magna Carta

Mar. 10
Iberia
Barber, 341-364; Arxiu Capitular of Vic

Mar. 13
Eastern and Northern Europe
Barber, 365-395


The Crusades

Mar. 15
Origins of the Crusades
Riley-Smith, Chs. 1 and 2; Fulcher;
Ekkehard; Anna Comnena

Mar. 17
Motives and Logistics
Riley-Smith, Ch. 3
FIRST DRAFT OF PAPER DUE

Mar. 20
State of Mind
Riley-Smith, Ch. 4; Letters

March 24
SECOND EXAM

Mar. 31
The Military Orders
Riley-Smith, Ch. 9; Bernard

April 3
The Latin East
Riley-Smith, Ch. 6; Villehardouin

April 5
Islam and the Crusades
Riley-Smith, Ch. 10; Usmah Ibn Munqidh


Universities and Scholasticism

April 7
Thirteenth Century
Colish, 289-301; Aquinas


Culture

April 10
Court Culture, Women, and Literature
Colish, 183-199; The Marriage of Sir Gawain; Letter to Eleanor

April 12
Art and Architecture in the Latin West
Images of Gothic Architecture

April 14
Music
Colish, 200-212; Riley Smith, Ch. 5; Medieval Music

FINAL DRAFT OF PAPER DUE

Apr. 17, 9-12 AM
FINAL EXAM



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